19 matches were found
- Monday, October 01, 2001 #4744
My boss and I are at odds regarding strategy and print selection. ( I am an AMD, she is a group director) It is making work very difficult. We come from very very different backgrounds and schools of thought. I firmly believe in my strategy (and have research to support it) and think it is the best thing for the brand. I believe in using optimizers and advanced technology to support the recommendation. She likes to go by gut. However, this isn't limited to just an isolated incident regarding print strategy. She is constantly undermining me to the junior level people in the group, and at this point they do not want to do the work I give them unless she agrees first. Can you give me some guidance? Thanks.
- The Media Guru Answers(Tuesday, October 02, 2001 ):
A seasoned media executive is distinguished by the ability to make decisions based on 'gut feeling' when there is no useful research or factual basis for the decision.
However, going against existing valid research when one has no factual basis is simply unprofessional. The Guru has encountered this attitude from people who don't understand research, or have grown up in specilaized arenas with no research availble and are covering their weaknesses. If this person is undercutting you with your staff because of this shortcoming, you have an untenable position.
- Monday, June 25, 2001 #4515
I have found out that media plans made by planners was not based on what we have learn about the concept of Marketing, and that is planning based on specific target market/segment that their clients wanted to reach. For example, a client wants to reach woman 20-45, and children 5-10 middle to upper (Social Economic Status Classification A, B). What planners will do is running ACNielsen's software combining those demographic caracteristics all together : Woman/Children/AB/5-10/20-40 to find the best media/program that would reach the highest rating and reach instead of running it separately :
1. Woman 20-40, A
2. Woman 20-39, B
3. Children 5-10, A
4. Children 5-10, B
My proffesional opinion on the way planners plan, was wrong! They would end up with :
1. Combination of reach (Woman, AB 20-40, Children 5-10, AB)
2. Not knowing the exact result of how the product reach at Woman A, an B, also at Children ; not to mention the age yet!
3. A reach that is actually low for each segments, because of insufficient media selectivity.
I understant that planners will not like this fact, because they would have put more effort in the future. But tell me your opinion on this ? (theoretically & proffesionally)
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, June 25, 2001 ):
First, as the Guru sees it, you are not thinking about a media plan, you are talking about determining the schedule of a media buy, resulting from a plan.
Once a target is determined, how to best reach that taget withing the media selected can be approached in various ways. Here you are talking about two compleletly separate targets, not levels of specificity; a group of children and a group of adult women.
One would not expect there to be programs with appeal to both groups. But if single televison homes were common in your country there could well be programs watched by mothers and children together.
Nevertheless, it should be far more effective to buy the best programs for the adult woman group and the best for the kid group than to try for programs getting both audiences. If the software to which you refer is an optimizer it would theoretically examine various programs to find the best schedule, not judge each program on its owm. The key to optimizers is especially to consider what each Added program contributes to buying goals, not each program in a vacuum. Recenf articles in the U.S. indicate that optimizers are used much more as conceptual new business-getting tools than in actual buying situations.
- Monday, May 07, 2001 #4375
Is there a formula or program for calculating
optimum daypart mix? I am working on a client that
has used the same daypart mix for years. I wanted to
really put some thought into this plan and not rehash
every previous years plan and thought there must be
some way to take the MRI information in comparison
to the CPP's for each daypart.Please advise. Thank you!
- The Media Guru Answers(Saturday, May 12, 2001 ):
This is the task of programs called "optimizers" of which so much has been written. AMIC's sister company, Telmar, offers one called "Transmit".
Also see writings about optimizers in AMICs Ephron on Media area.
- Wednesday, February 28, 2001 #4218
please explain tv optimization, thanks
- The Media Guru Answers(Friday, March 02, 2001 ):
Click here to see past Guru
responses regarding optimization
- Friday, October 06, 2000 #3871
Is there a software that would allow me to automatically allocate my marketing inventory on cable networks, as well as, optimize the inventory to meet communication goals?
- The Media Guru Answers(Sunday, October 08, 2000 ):
Existing optimizers will accomplish this with the right data tapes. Consider Telmar's Transmit
- Saturday, July 29, 2000 #3663
Dear Media Guru
I am a media planner from Pakistan.I need to ask what are the possible comparison tools that we can use while planning for different programs on television.At the moment while planning i calculate cost index, rating index, efficiency index, Avg GRP's, Maximum reach, and avg.viewing miniutes for each time slot.
Normally i advertise in time slots with high effeciency
index, is this a good comparrison tool for planning or
Normally the decay factor that i take is 10% is this OK or not.
What are the different possible ways to break the adverising clutter on television and increase the possibility of high ad exposure.
Thax in anticipation
- The Media Guru Answers(Saturday, July 29, 2000 ):
It always fascinates the Guru that countries sharing a common language can use it quite differently when applying it to the jargon of a particular business or interest.
What you are describing as "planning" seems to the Guru to be what he would regard as a buyer's selecting a schedule after a plan has been approved. You haven't mentioned what goals you are pursuing with your schedules. Selecting spots with the best efficiency index (audience versus cost) will get you the greatest total number of impressions, but possibly not the greatest net reach. The best rating is more often likely to lead to high reach, but perhaps not without due regard to efficiency and duplication.
"Decay factor" is an unfamiliar term to the Guru. "Maximum reach" and "average viewing minutes" don't seem relevant to assessing individual spots as the Guru understands the terms.
Overall, the Guru believes you should be comparing possible schedules, rather than individual spots to accomplish planning goals.
optimizers serve this purpose, but running reach analyses of several schedules can get you there, as well.
- Tuesday, July 18, 2000 #3625
Can you please explain what "optimizers" do in media planning? Is it a separate program from media planning software or part of the package (e.g. Tapscan, SmartPlus, etc.)? Thanks.
- The Media Guru Answers(Sunday, July 23, 2000 ):
Generally, an optimizer is a buyers' analysis tool using respondent-level data, to select a media list which has the greatest reach within a budget or achieves a reach goal most efficiently.
There can be considerable detail specified as to target, reach at "X" level of frequency, etc. The current use of "optimizer" most often specifically refers to network TV analyzers using Nielsen data tapes as input and examining "actual" versus modeled reaches.
Media planning packages generally don't include such optimizers. optimizers typically cost more on their own than media planning software suites and also require purchase of relatively expensive Nielsen tapes. Similar buyers' analyses of print schedules, are typically built into these planning suites but rely on users' possession of Simmons or MRI data.
- Wednesday, March 08, 2000 #3298
Please describe the major steps and information
required for Network TV Media Planning at an
Agency. What computer skills are needed or
research sources most used to evaluate Network?
Are there any trade journal articles that would provide a description of this aspect of media planning, as I am applying for a position in this area, but have not planned Network in many years.
What are the current Network $/GRP and target
delivery efficiencies? What is the current
coverage of U.S. Houselholds, for the three
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, March 13, 2000 ):
There seems to be some confusion in your terms. The job of an agency Media Planner is to determine which media are best to meet the advertising objectives of the specific product/service.
In some cases this will include network TV.
When an approved paln includes network TV, the Network specifications are turned over to Network TV buyers. The plan's specifications are not likely to include than demographic target and weight goals, budget, timing, dayparts and/or program types.
Network buyers will then review program package offerings and sponsorship opportunities from the networks to meet all the specifications.
Nothing more than a spreadsheet is really needed, but there are some specific TV analysis programs, including optimizers, in use. Nielsen is the basic audience measurement source used.
When optimizers, which are programs that do extensive analysis of program data to select best schedules, came into use a few years ago, there were several trade articles in Ad Age and MediaWeek about the network buy "planning" process. See the one by Erwin Ephron in our Telmar 30th Anniversary Awards section.
Telmar, AMIC's sister company, also offers an optimizer, called Transmit.
See samples of current rates in AMIC's Ad Data area.
- Friday, August 13, 1999 #2713
Dear Media Guru,
THere is an optimiser being marketed by one Dutch company and is called "Lookie". Have you seen or heard of it? Can you please tell me what are its features and where can I find more information on optimisers in general and Lookie in particular?
Thanks in advance!
A planner seeking enlightenment....
- The Media Guru Answers(Friday, August 13, 1999 ):
The Guru does not know "Lookie." Telmar's optimizer is TRANSMIT. Most optimizer suppliers will have data on their web sites.
- Wednesday, July 07, 1999 #2610
A question from Israel. We are new to people meter data and Tv optimizers. How to chose one? X*Pert or Super Midas and thoughts?
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, July 07, 1999 ):
The best approach would be to imagine the types of analyses you will need from an optimizer and then meet with sales people for demonstrations.
- Monday, April 26, 1999 #2472
Over the one year that I have been following the queries and discussions on this web sites, what strikes me is that while discussing a Media Plan,there is no mention of involvement as a factor when the consumer is watching television.
Do media planners not take into account the involvement levels of the audiences while planning ? Why is it that we talk of Reach/Frequencies etc and not about Involvement?
Are there any publicly available studies on the same ? If not, is it legitimate to assume that agencies..
1. Do not look at Involvement while planning
2. If they do, they do so based on certain assumptions and not on hard data.
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, April 26, 1999 ):
In the early '80's, a service called TAA (Target Audience Assessment?) offered audience involvment ratings. The service didn't last long.
Long before that and since then, factors like audience attentiveness have been used to judgementally adjust media audiences in media planning.
The new "optimizers" allow easy overlaying of these factors and other involvement indicators like audience loyalty, in planning and buying.
However, the Guru imagines that more plans (though perhaps not more money) ignore these factors than use them. They are abstractions of unproven value in judging the sales power of media.
The most likely publicly available source of such data would be Advertising Research Foundation InfoCenter For details about the InfoCenter, call 212-751-5656, extension 230.
AMIC's Rates, Dates and Data area provides some of these attentivenss factors.
- Wednesday, April 14, 1999 #2445
i read an article about the optimizer program and they use there on the phrase REACH PER POINT (RPP)
what does it mean and how can i use it . (and i am not mean to cost per reach point)
thanks a lot
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, April 14, 1999 ):
Without seeing the article, the Guru is only speculating, but he believes this refers to the varying reach accumulation rates of different media elements, programs and dayparts.
For example, a given demographic may generate 30 reach for a typical schedule of 100 Gross Rating Points in daytime and 50 reach for 100 GRP of Prime. They have a different reach per point (GRP). When coupled with the cost, it's the essence of optimizers.
- Thursday, March 18, 1999 #2399
We are currently working with a sit-down restaurant
client who has asked us to investigate a market-by-
market media mix "optimization" using spot TV and Spot
radio. Because the cost of radio is about half of what
we are paying in TV, the optimizer continually picks
radio as the dominant medium. We know, however, through
experience that once we turn on the TV program, results
usually happen. Is there any guidance you can provide
that would help us in quanitfying this mix outside the
realm of what the pure numbers tell us?
- The Media Guru Answers(Saturday, March 20, 1999 ):
optimizers, at least worthwhile ones, can be set to "optimize" to any of several criteria. It sounds like you are optimizing only for net audience (reach) efficiency, so radio has an advantage.
The Guru doesn't quite understand what "once we turn on the TV program, results
usually happen" means. Has radio not been tried?
Apparently, the client believes reach is the key driver of success, while you believe there is an effectiveness issue inherent in the media types. You need to quantify this difference (is a radio reach point only 75% as sales effective as a TV reach point?) and get the client to accept the quantification, then include the factor in your optimization. Consider also the effects of mix on frequency.
- Thursday, February 11, 1999 #2321
I have been trying to understand Plan Optimisers for quite
some time now.I still am unable to understand.
Especially in a complex media scenario like India
where languages differ from region to region and
different cities have to be covered and a lot of non-
quantitative factors like regional sensitivity have to
be considered , how can we effectively use
Optimisers that are predominantly manufactured in the
- The Media Guru Answers(Saturday, February 13, 1999 ):
Quite possibly, you cannot. Optimisers are meant to deal with quantitative issues of media selection, getting the most reach or effective reach or quintiles-of-frequency balance for the money.
Many seemingly subjective elements of the media possibilities, like the effects of regional sensitivity, can be judgmentally quantified and processed by an optimizer.
When languages differ, it is comparable to geographic differences: they are different universes and call for separate plans.
- Wednesday, December 23, 1998 #2234
Do you have a U.S. name and contact for the optimizer program X*pert?
- The Media Guru Answers(Thursday, December 24, 1998 ):
The Guru does not know of a U.S. contact for X*Pert.
However, AMIC 's sister company Telmar offers its own optimizer program, TRANSMIT, which adds competitive analysis features.
- Wednesday, September 09, 1998 #2038
Dear Media Guru,
I am sorry, but I have got not ordinary question.
Could you help me to find e-mail or any other information about person who has sent following message to you
"Sunday, March 15, 1998 #1828
Two Questions: 1) I've been asked to prepare a presentation covering "Alternative Lifestyles Marketing".
When I was given the assignment I asked for a definition of "Alternative Lifestyles", but didn't get a good
answer. How might you interpret this "target"?
2) I'm seeking information on the "optimizer" programs that have become newsworthy (in media circles) as a
esult of the recent mega-million P&G AOR assignment. I've heard there are two. Who are they, and can you
describe briefly what they do (strengths & limitations)? thanks!
Thanks in advance.
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, September 09, 1998 ):
The Guru does not reveal the identity of submitters of queries. We will notify the person of your interest in making contact.
- Wednesday, May 27, 1998 #1609
Quick question....do you have any suggestions on a specific book or person I could gleen information from about buying national network television and radio? The kind of how-to/phylosophy type stuff you can find anywhere when talking about local spot..???
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, June 01, 1998 ):
The Guru does not know of any worthwhile book on the topic. It would be better to search the archives of Ad Age and MediaWeek for articles written by the major buyers and media strategists. There have been many good ones, especially now, with optimizers all over the news. The Guru particularly likes Erwin Ephron's work. See his paper on the Telmar Awards Papers pages.
- Sunday, March 15, 1998 #1530
Two Questions: 1) I've been asked to prepare a presentation covering "Alternative Lifestyles Marketing".
When I was given the assignment I asked for a definition of "Alternative Lifestyles", but didn't get a
good answer. How might you interpret this "target"?
2) I'm seeking information on the "optimizer" programs that have become newsworthy (in media circles)
as a result of the recent mega-million P&G AOR assignment. I've heard there are two. Who are they,
and can you describe briefly what they do (strengths & limitations)?
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, March 16, 1998 ):
1) "Alternative Lifestyles" generally refers to
non-traditional social orientations which may become the
major influence on a person's relationships, extending to
product choices, entertainment choices, clothing styles,
etc. Most often, "alternative" seems to be used to
refer to socio-sexual distinction.
The Gay market is
probably probably most familiar of the "Alternative Lifestyles"
markets. Others might arguably be the singles market, the
mature market, punk, rapper, etc.
2) optimizer programs are designed to build media schedules
based on detailed analysis of each possible "insertion"
(print or broadcast).
Usually the programs optimize reach within budget.
Therefore they will first select the most efficient (cost
per rating point) single insertion. Next they consider
every other single insertion, including a second use of the
first selection. The pair of insertions with the greatest
net reach per dollar becomes the next selection.
In some systems, each "best" choice is frozen as the
base upon which to build additional schedule until the
budget is exhausted. In more sophisticated systems, entire
schedules are reevaluated for best mix at each incremental
In either, it is up to the planner to set constraints on
which vehicles are to be considered, any weights or
restrictions such as using each vehicle a minimum number of
times, if used, or a maximum number of times.
Several agencies have proprietary systems. In Europe,
there are commercial systems including "Supermaximizer" and
In the U.S., the Guru believes the Telmar optimizer is the
only commercial system available allowing TV optimization
with any available audience database (e.g. NTI, NSI, Cume
- Tuesday, October 22, 1996 #1120
I am a consultant to a TV station. Recently most agencies have adopted one or another Media Planning software. We have tried to undersatand what type of optimizers they have and what effect in their decisions may have. For example one that uses integer programming seems to benefit high GRP programmes while others low cost and low audiences. How does the type of optimizer influence the plan? Thank you
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, October 23, 1996 ):
optimizers must be set to Optimize something. It may be pure reach, reach at a given level of frequency, reach within a specific budget,etc. Usually some form of reach is in the goal, because other considerations like cpm or GRPs are simple arithmetic, while reach involves more complex computer models.
The reach models must be based on some measurement of "actual" schedules to be worth anything at all. If each optimizer is merely based on some programmer's opinion of how audience accumulates, there is no way to predict results without owning a copy of the program.
When reach within budget is the issue, it is possible forlow cost/low rated programs to be preferred if theydeliver so much more gross audience that even at low rates of net accumulation, the total reach can be more than quicker 'cuming. high-rated schedules.