24 matches were found
- Saturday, February 24, 2001 #4204
what is and how do you use television optimization
- The Media Guru Answers(Sunday, February 25, 2001 ):
TV optimization is a process by which the best schedule of possible spots to acheive a specific goal is selected. It may be best reach against the target or other measured aspects of TV audience.
The process is executed by proprietary, multivariate computer models.
One example is Telmar's TRANSMIT.
- Friday, October 06, 2000 #3871
Is there a software that would allow me to automatically allocate my marketing inventory on cable networks, as well as, optimize the inventory to meet communication goals?
- The Media Guru Answers(Sunday, October 08, 2000 ):
Existing optimizers will accomplish this with the right data tapes. Consider Telmar's Transmit
- Saturday, July 29, 2000 #3663
Dear Media Guru
I am a media planner from Pakistan.I need to ask what are the possible comparison tools that we can use while planning for different programs on television.At the moment while planning i calculate cost index, rating index, efficiency index, Avg GRP's, Maximum reach, and avg.viewing miniutes for each time slot.
Normally i advertise in time slots with high effeciency
index, is this a good comparrison tool for planning or
Normally the decay factor that i take is 10% is this OK or not.
What are the different possible ways to break the adverising clutter on television and increase the possibility of high ad exposure.
Thax in anticipation
- The Media Guru Answers(Saturday, July 29, 2000 ):
It always fascinates the Guru that countries sharing a common language can use it quite differently when applying it to the jargon of a particular business or interest.
What you are describing as "planning" seems to the Guru to be what he would regard as a buyer's selecting a schedule after a plan has been approved. You haven't mentioned what goals you are pursuing with your schedules. Selecting spots with the best efficiency index (audience versus cost) will get you the greatest total number of impressions, but possibly not the greatest net reach. The best rating is more often likely to lead to high reach, but perhaps not without due regard to efficiency and duplication.
"Decay factor" is an unfamiliar term to the Guru. "Maximum reach" and "average viewing minutes" don't seem relevant to assessing individual spots as the Guru understands the terms.
Overall, the Guru believes you should be comparing possible schedules, rather than individual spots to accomplish planning goals.
optimizers serve this purpose, but running reach analyses of several schedules can get you there, as well.
- Tuesday, July 18, 2000 #3625
Can you please explain what "optimizers" do in media planning? Is it a separate program from media planning software or part of the package (e.g. Tapscan, SmartPlus, etc.)? Thanks.
- The Media Guru Answers(Sunday, July 23, 2000 ):
Generally, an optimizer is a buyers' analysis tool using respondent-level data, to select a media list which has the greatest reach within a budget or achieves a reach goal most efficiently.
There can be considerable detail specified as to target, reach at "X" level of frequency, etc. The current use of "optimizer" most often specifically refers to network TV analyzers using Nielsen data tapes as input and examining "actual" versus modeled reaches.
Media planning packages generally don't include such optimizers. optimizers typically cost more on their own than media planning software suites and also require purchase of relatively expensive Nielsen tapes. Similar buyers' analyses of print schedules, are typically built into these planning suites but rely on users' possession of Simmons or MRI data.
- Wednesday, March 08, 2000 #3298
Please describe the major steps and information
required for Network TV Media Planning at an
Agency. What computer skills are needed or
research sources most used to evaluate Network?
Are there any trade journal articles that would provide a description of this aspect of media planning, as I am applying for a position in this area, but have not planned Network in many years.
What are the current Network $/GRP and target
delivery efficiencies? What is the current
coverage of U.S. Houselholds, for the three
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, March 13, 2000 ):
There seems to be some confusion in your terms. The job of an agency Media Planner is to determine which media are best to meet the advertising objectives of the specific product/service.
In some cases this will include network TV.
When an approved paln includes network TV, the Network specifications are turned over to Network TV buyers. The plan's specifications are not likely to include than demographic target and weight goals, budget, timing, dayparts and/or program types.
Network buyers will then review program package offerings and sponsorship opportunities from the networks to meet all the specifications.
Nothing more than a spreadsheet is really needed, but there are some specific TV analysis programs, including optimizers, in use. Nielsen is the basic audience measurement source used.
When optimizers, which are programs that do extensive analysis of program data to select best schedules, came into use a few years ago, there were several trade articles in Ad Age and MediaWeek about the network buy "planning" process. See the one by Erwin Ephron in our Telmar 30th Anniversary Awards section.
Telmar, AMIC's sister company, also offers an optimizer, called Transmit.
See samples of current rates in AMIC's Ad Data area.
- Friday, August 13, 1999 #2713
Dear Media Guru,
THere is an optimiser being marketed by one Dutch company and is called "Lookie". Have you seen or heard of it? Can you please tell me what are its features and where can I find more information on optimisers in general and Lookie in particular?
Thanks in advance!
A planner seeking enlightenment....
- The Media Guru Answers(Friday, August 13, 1999 ):
The Guru does not know "Lookie." Telmar's optimizer is TRANSMIT. Most optimizer suppliers will have data on their web sites.
- Wednesday, July 07, 1999 #2610
A question from Israel. We are new to people meter data and Tv optimizers. How to chose one? X*Pert or Super Midas and thoughts?
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, July 07, 1999 ):
The best approach would be to imagine the types of analyses you will need from an optimizer and then meet with sales people for demonstrations.
- Monday, April 26, 1999 #2472
Over the one year that I have been following the queries and discussions on this web sites, what strikes me is that while discussing a Media Plan,there is no mention of involvement as a factor when the consumer is watching television.
Do media planners not take into account the involvement levels of the audiences while planning ? Why is it that we talk of Reach/Frequencies etc and not about Involvement?
Are there any publicly available studies on the same ? If not, is it legitimate to assume that agencies..
1. Do not look at Involvement while planning
2. If they do, they do so based on certain assumptions and not on hard data.
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, April 26, 1999 ):
In the early '80's, a service called TAA (Target Audience Assessment?) offered audience involvment ratings. The service didn't last long.
Long before that and since then, factors like audience attentiveness have been used to judgementally adjust media audiences in media planning.
The new "optimizers" allow easy overlaying of these factors and other involvement indicators like audience loyalty, in planning and buying.
However, the Guru imagines that more plans (though perhaps not more money) ignore these factors than use them. They are abstractions of unproven value in judging the sales power of media.
The most likely publicly available source of such data would be Advertising Research Foundation InfoCenter For details about the InfoCenter, call 212-751-5656, extension 230.
AMIC's Rates, Dates and Data area provides some of these attentivenss factors.
- Wednesday, April 14, 1999 #2445
i read an article about the optimizer program and they use there on the phrase REACH PER POINT (RPP)
what does it mean and how can i use it . (and i am not mean to cost per reach point)
thanks a lot
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, April 14, 1999 ):
Without seeing the article, the Guru is only speculating, but he believes this refers to the varying reach accumulation rates of different media elements, programs and dayparts.
For example, a given demographic may generate 30 reach for a typical schedule of 100 Gross Rating Points in daytime and 50 reach for 100 GRP of Prime. They have a different reach per point (GRP). When coupled with the cost, it's the essence of optimizers.
- Thursday, March 18, 1999 #2399
We are currently working with a sit-down restaurant
client who has asked us to investigate a market-by-
market media mix "optimization" using spot TV and Spot
radio. Because the cost of radio is about half of what
we are paying in TV, the optimizer continually picks
radio as the dominant medium. We know, however, through
experience that once we turn on the TV program, results
usually happen. Is there any guidance you can provide
that would help us in quanitfying this mix outside the
realm of what the pure numbers tell us?
- The Media Guru Answers(Saturday, March 20, 1999 ):
optimizers, at least worthwhile ones, can be set to "optimize" to any of several criteria. It sounds like you are optimizing only for net audience (reach) efficiency, so radio has an advantage.
The Guru doesn't quite understand what "once we turn on the TV program, results
usually happen" means. Has radio not been tried?
Apparently, the client believes reach is the key driver of success, while you believe there is an effectiveness issue inherent in the media types. You need to quantify this difference (is a radio reach point only 75% as sales effective as a TV reach point?) and get the client to accept the quantification, then include the factor in your optimization. Consider also the effects of mix on frequency.
- Thursday, February 11, 1999 #2321
I have been trying to understand Plan Optimisers for quite
some time now.I still am unable to understand.
Especially in a complex media scenario like India
where languages differ from region to region and
different cities have to be covered and a lot of non-
quantitative factors like regional sensitivity have to
be considered , how can we effectively use
Optimisers that are predominantly manufactured in the
- The Media Guru Answers(Saturday, February 13, 1999 ):
Quite possibly, you cannot. Optimisers are meant to deal with quantitative issues of media selection, getting the most reach or effective reach or quintiles-of-frequency balance for the money.
Many seemingly subjective elements of the media possibilities, like the effects of regional sensitivity, can be judgmentally quantified and processed by an optimizer.
When languages differ, it is comparable to geographic differences: they are different universes and call for separate plans.
- Wednesday, December 23, 1998 #2234
Do you have a U.S. name and contact for the optimizer program X*pert?
- The Media Guru Answers(Thursday, December 24, 1998 ):
The Guru does not know of a U.S. contact for X*Pert.
However, AMIC 's sister company Telmar offers its own optimizer program, TRANSMIT, which adds competitive analysis features.
- Wednesday, December 16, 1998 #2223
what is the best way to analyze magazines once proposals come in? Obviosly we want to evaluate comp, cov, cpm, positioning, added value, etc. do you recommend an excel spreadsheet with weighted averages? Is there one already set up on the site to download? Just looking to do this the smartest possible way.
- The Media Guru Answers(Sunday, December 20, 1998 ):
All these factors, as well as some others, like added reach, and authoritative editorial are possible considerations. One can even consider the degree of the match of the magazines total impressions demographic distribution with the overall distribution of the purchaser.
It is extremely simple to build a spread sheet, making magazines the rows and making the specific factors the columns. Weighting ought to be set up as changeable so that it can be different from one advertiser's plan to the next, depending on goals. It will even be interesting to consider how magazine rankings change, when different factors get differing weightings within the same objectives. For example when reach is more important than frequency, is the magazine list very different than when these factors' importance is reversed?
Of course, the best approach is to independently compute the data
using a syndicated data base (such as MRI, SMRB, MMR, TGI, PMB, etc.) and
software such as Telmar's (AMIC's sister
company) which handles all of the above data as well as many additional
capabilities such as reach/frequency analysis and optimization.
- Wednesday, November 04, 1998 #2122
1) Guru, Could you please explain what is meant by implementation planning ? Where does it fit into the media planning process?
This is with reference to my question on Implementation planning.
Implementation Planning as I came across it was unexplained and there
wasn't any context to it. I came across it in a curriculum vitae of a
media planner. I haven't met this person whose CV it was and neither are
there any chances of me seeing him.
I do understand, as you clarified that this may be a proprietary term,
etc. but what does it mean in media jargon ? U see, I think it'd have to
do with plans for implementing (on a monthly basis)a business plan made
for the year and evolving buying strategies ? please do answer my query
since I'm quite anxious to hear from you.
2) Also, When is the library of media plans that AMIC is to have, coming
3) Guru, one last question. The books that you reccomend from the
AMIC-Amazon bookstore are for new or relatively new planners. what
books would you reccomend for planners at a middle level ? Please, no
Amazon - my searches on online bookstores have proved fruitless. can you
reccomend a few titles, maybe I can scour a second hand bookshop,
- The Media Guru Answers(Thursday, November 05, 1998 ):
1) As the Guru commented in his private request for clarification, Implementation planning is notstandard
media jargon. (many agencies develop their own terminology
for proprietary processes or approaches to common tasks).
It could describe what some call "buying platform" which compiles
all the considerations for choosing and negotiating media
during the "implementation" of an approved plan.
Or it could mean the work flow / critical path for
implementing an approved plan; an intermediary step between planning and buying.
Or it could be referring to a philosophical approach to
creating a plan, like "recency planning."
2) The call for submissions to the Guru's AMIC Media Plans and Research Library is expected to be announced this week. (AMIC's media Guru is often asked where one might find a sample plan or research analysis to serve as a model for one's own project. As a service to our advertising professional members, AMIC is collecting a library of AMIC users' media plans and research analyses which can serve as models or starting points for your own projects.)
Registered AMIC users can expect to get details in their AMIC-News November e-mail. Have you picked out one of your own plans to submit?
3) Media planning texts are inherently basic. Beyond that, more advanced learning is best derived from
- experience - learning from those with whom you work
- trade publications and conferences - the two latest big issues in advanced planning: recency planning and buy optimization, have principally been documented in these forums, and
- information, whether texts or otherwise, from related areas such as marketing.
- Wednesday, September 09, 1998 #2038
Dear Media Guru,
I am sorry, but I have got not ordinary question.
Could you help me to find e-mail or any other information about person who has sent following message to you
"Sunday, March 15, 1998 #1828
Two Questions: 1) I've been asked to prepare a presentation covering "Alternative Lifestyles Marketing".
When I was given the assignment I asked for a definition of "Alternative Lifestyles", but didn't get a good
answer. How might you interpret this "target"?
2) I'm seeking information on the "optimizer" programs that have become newsworthy (in media circles) as a
esult of the recent mega-million P&G AOR assignment. I've heard there are two. Who are they, and can you
describe briefly what they do (strengths & limitations)? thanks!
Thanks in advance.
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, September 09, 1998 ):
The Guru does not reveal the identity of submitters of queries. We will notify the person of your interest in making contact.
- Wednesday, May 27, 1998 #1609
Quick question....do you have any suggestions on a specific book or person I could gleen information from about buying national network television and radio? The kind of how-to/phylosophy type stuff you can find anywhere when talking about local spot..???
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, June 01, 1998 ):
The Guru does not know of any worthwhile book on the topic. It would be better to search the archives of Ad Age and MediaWeek for articles written by the major buyers and media strategists. There have been many good ones, especially now, with optimizers all over the news. The Guru particularly likes Erwin Ephron's work. See his paper on the Telmar Awards Papers pages.
- Tuesday, March 17, 1998 #1533
I am starting an online business soon, and I am perplexed as to what methods to utilize with our limited budget of $5000 per month. I want to initially do my advertising exclusively on the net, and I have been looking into using an interactive ad agency. What kind of targeted traffic should I expect for my budget, and what methods will an agency use to create traffic, besides search engine listings and optimization?
- The Media Guru Answers(Friday, March 20, 1998 ):
$5000 might buy just a month of banner display on a major,
general audience website. at $10 per thousand impressions.
Therefore, you would have 500,000 impressions and perhaps
click-thru 5,000 - 10,000 traffic to your site. Of this
traffic, you might get 25 - 100 sales, depending on what
Other, more targeted sites might sell for less out of
pocket, at a higher cpm (e.g $25-$100), but ultimately
generate more sales ROI because their audience is more
likley to be interested in your product.
Another technique that an agency might use is a revenue
sharing model, wherein sites which send you customers earn
a share of your revenue from visitors "referred" by their
- Sunday, March 15, 1998 #1530
Two Questions: 1) I've been asked to prepare a presentation covering "Alternative Lifestyles Marketing".
When I was given the assignment I asked for a definition of "Alternative Lifestyles", but didn't get a
good answer. How might you interpret this "target"?
2) I'm seeking information on the "optimizer" programs that have become newsworthy (in media circles)
as a result of the recent mega-million P&G AOR assignment. I've heard there are two. Who are they,
and can you describe briefly what they do (strengths & limitations)?
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, March 16, 1998 ):
1) "Alternative Lifestyles" generally refers to
non-traditional social orientations which may become the
major influence on a person's relationships, extending to
product choices, entertainment choices, clothing styles,
etc. Most often, "alternative" seems to be used to
refer to socio-sexual distinction.
The Gay market is
probably probably most familiar of the "Alternative Lifestyles"
markets. Others might arguably be the singles market, the
mature market, punk, rapper, etc.
2) optimizer programs are designed to build media schedules
based on detailed analysis of each possible "insertion"
(print or broadcast).
Usually the programs optimize reach within budget.
Therefore they will first select the most efficient (cost
per rating point) single insertion. Next they consider
every other single insertion, including a second use of the
first selection. The pair of insertions with the greatest
net reach per dollar becomes the next selection.
In some systems, each "best" choice is frozen as the
base upon which to build additional schedule until the
budget is exhausted. In more sophisticated systems, entire
schedules are reevaluated for best mix at each incremental
In either, it is up to the planner to set constraints on
which vehicles are to be considered, any weights or
restrictions such as using each vehicle a minimum number of
times, if used, or a maximum number of times.
Several agencies have proprietary systems. In Europe,
there are commercial systems including "Supermaximizer" and
In the U.S., the Guru believes the Telmar optimizer is the
only commercial system available allowing TV optimization
with any available audience database (e.g. NTI, NSI, Cume
- Wednesday, February 18, 1998 #1506
I am looking for information on optimization and the
recency theory. Have you come across any good reports
on this subject relevent to TV buying in the USA?
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, February 18, 1998 ):
Research Foundation library is a good source as are the
archives of Ad Age and
- Wednesday, September 10, 1997 #1411
Dear Guru, I am a Software developer in Brazil and I would like to develop new Reach & Frequency Software with optimisation. Must I use Simplex method? Is there any other more efficient method?
Alexandre Crivelaro, firstname.lastname@example.org.
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, September 10, 1997 ):
Most optimization sytems work by adding the "next most
efficient quantum of reach." This may be more efficient
from a programming perspective, but a system which builds a
new plan at each increment of spending can
take advantage of the best overall interaction of the
media. This will produce more reach-efficient plans.
AMIC's sister company Telmar
uses this second type of optimization.
- Friday, August 22, 1997 #1400
Where could I find information regarding how automotive companies (i.e.
Toyota, Oldsmobile, & Cadillac), handle their media planning and buying on
a local/regional level?
- The Media Guru Answers(Friday, August 22, 1997 ):
Contacting the radio and TV stations or reps in the regions in which you are
interested should tell you who is buying for each auto company in a given area. Only
two or three calls to the major reps, should produce all the information.
The planning techniques may well be closely-guarded proprietary information.
Whether A/S style budgeting, investment spending, share gap, etc., etc. is used.
Whether computer models and optimizations are used or not. Whether regions have
freedom or just participate in nationally-based plans.
Whether agency leads in media
selection or the advertiser.
Whether media types are purely based on creative considerations or media effectiveness and targeting ability.
- Thursday, August 21, 1997 #1397
Where could I find information regarding how
automotive companies (i.e. Toyota, Oldsmobile,
& Cadillac), handle their media planning and buying
on a local/regional level?
- The Media Guru Answers(Friday, August 22, 1997 ):
Contacting the radio and TV stations or reps in the regions in which you are interested should tell you who is buying for each auto comapny in a given are. Only two or three calls to the major reps, should produce all the information.
The planning techniques may well be closely guarded proprietary information, whether A/S style budgeting, investment spending, share gap, etc., etc. is used. Whether computer models and optimizations are used or not. Whether regions have freedom or just participate in nationally-based plans. Whether agency leads in media selection or the advertiser. Whether media types are pruley based on creative considerations or media effectiveness and targeting ability.
- Tuesday, October 22, 1996 #1120
I am a consultant to a TV station. Recently most agencies have adopted one or another Media Planning software. We have tried to undersatand what type of optimizers they have and what effect in their decisions may have. For example one that uses integer programming seems to benefit high GRP programmes while others low cost and low audiences. How does the type of optimizer influence the plan? Thank you
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, October 23, 1996 ):
optimizers must be set to Optimize something. It may be pure reach, reach at a given level of frequency, reach within a specific budget,etc. Usually some form of reach is in the goal, because other considerations like cpm or GRPs are simple arithmetic, while reach involves more complex computer models.
The reach models must be based on some measurement of "actual" schedules to be worth anything at all. If each optimizer is merely based on some programmer's opinion of how audience accumulates, there is no way to predict results without owning a copy of the program.
When reach within budget is the issue, it is possible forlow cost/low rated programs to be preferred if theydeliver so much more gross audience that even at low rates of net accumulation, the total reach can be more than quicker 'cuming. high-rated schedules.
- Wednesday, May 01, 1996 #1230
Are there any software packages that allow you to collectmedia data over the internet? Also, what are the latestprograms dealing with media planning? I work with a small agencyin New York that places local radio, newspaper and televisionin a few markets in the midwest and we are looking forways to go take our media planning into the digital age.
- The Media Guru Answers(Thursday, May 02, 1996 ):
Telmar, (AMIC's parent corporation) is in the business of providingits clients with leading edge technology for internet, dial-up and local access to media software as well as to the hundreds of syndicated databases available for clients with legal access.
Telmar has programs for print, television,cable, radio, and newspaper. The All Media Planner allows the user to do all media advertising media planning, including reach/frequency analysis, media mix, optimization, budget allocation, flowcharting, graphics. Also note that there is free cost per point information provided by SQAD on AMIC.
Contact email@example.com for further information about Telmar's services.