10 matches were found
- Friday, April 28, 2000 #3428
I'm working with fast food client in Puerto Rico(PR). PR is very competitive in this category. I like to know what is the effective frequency and reach in sustainning level and promotional period. I know that exist many theorical procedures to found the reach and frequency goals. But i'm very confuse what is the more accurate to this reality(very competitive environment)Please help me.
- The Media Guru Answers(Saturday, April 29, 2000 ):
Competitive environment, e.g Share of Voice, is one key variable.
Click here to see
the Guru's discussion of the ostrow model for setting effective frequency goals.
- Sunday, February 27, 2000 #3254
I would like to have information about typical rates of frequency that are considered necessary for advertising to be
effective on different media.
I would like information for television, radio, outdoor and print advertising. If there is such information, I would also
like information for internet ads.
In short, how many times does an ad need to be seen on different media before for an effective reach.
- The Media Guru Answers(Sunday, February 27, 2000 ):
Most judgements about effective frequency are just that; judgements. The traditional number, 3, is based on century-old learning theory about repetitions of information needed for learning to occur. This theory is not medium-specific but has many other aspects.
Click here to see past Guru responses about this and the ostrow model
Research by DoubleClick about "banner burnout"
shows that internet ads lose effectiveness (in the sense of causing clicks) by the third repetition. Of course, if you want to apply this approach to internet advertisng then you would be considering the awareness-building and sales-driving aspects of banners, rather than click-thru.
- Saturday, January 22, 2000 #3145
Another question :
How is the recomendated efecttive frequency for a launching campaing, for maintennance, for a promotion.
The efective frequency is relative, but the experience and the knowledge of the people there somilars in many countries.
Please help me
- The Media Guru Answers(Sunday, January 23, 2000 ):
Effective frequency always seems to start from the basic 3+ times which comes out of the original research. Then the next question is what reach level to set at this effective frequency benchmark.
Some planners set various other efeective frequency goals depending upon various marketing factors (see the ostrow model).
Most simply, introductions and promotions would suggest higher effective frequencies while maintenance can use minimal levels.
- Tuesday, December 07, 1999 #3033
Without the budget for post-flight call out surveys what formulas or 'rules' can I use to anticipate message saturation and burn. What reach or net reach level over what period of time would be probable to achieve a 80% awareness within the target. Also what is considered too much exposure for one message before you reach a point of diminishing returns. I know that the the better measurment here is research before and during the campaign, but there must be some bench marks that are industry accepted. Can you share these and share a public location for other general assumptions like this. Thank you in advance Guru...
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, December 08, 1999 ):
Ad awareness will never be greater than reach, so start from a plan that delivers at least 80% reach
- To establish measurable awareness, some repetiton will be needed, so think about getting an 80% reach at a set effective frequency level. The Guru has previously discussed use of the ostrow Model to set this goal.
- A message is worn out when its ability to generate sales falls off. This being hard to predict, many advertisers have used past experience to set media-measurement based cut-offs. These have included a limit of 2000 GRPs and a frequency cap of 20 in the second highest quintile. In reality, the size of the copy pool, the qualities of the copy, the target, the overall media mix, and product category may all lead to wide variations in wear out. The two standards mentioned above were both commonly used in basic package goods TV advertising in a mix with print and a TV copy pool of 2-3 executions.
- Wednesday, November 24, 1999 #2998
hi media guru
please guide me : how can i know how much frequency, reach,
and grp is needed for an old brand which first advertise
on t.v? ( the target audience: main shoper with young
children - 4-8 years old) thank you
- The Media Guru Answers(Sunday, November 28, 1999 ):
This is a judgment call. The ostrow model can help guide setting of effective frequency goals.
Reach then becomes what you can afford or what you need in terms of numbers of sales to become successful judged against anticipated consumer response as a percentage of target consumers reached effectively.
Further, one must keep in mind, since you are writing from outside the U.S., that cultural situations and media environments have a big impact on the matter.
- Tuesday, November 16, 1999 #2977
Details of ostrow's effective frequency model
- The Media Guru Answers(Sunday, November 21, 1999 ):
The ostrow model aims at establishing the minimum level of frequency to be deemed effective so that the plan can maximize reach at that level of frequency. The model can be traced back to his speech, "Effective Frequency" at an Advertising Research Foundation Key Issues Workshop, June 4, 1982.
Typically, the model involves evaluating a series of relevant factors on a scale of say, 2 to 6, and averaging the factors to determine the appropriate level of frequency to set as effective.
In the 1982 speech the factors discussed were of three kinds: marketing, message / creative and media.
- Established brand vs new entry
- Brand share
- Brand loyalty
- Purchase cycle
- Usage cycle
- Share of voice
- Target group learning capacity
Message / Creative
- New vs continuing campaign
- Image building vs specific sell
- Message variation (copy pool)
- Wear out
- Copy unit size/length
- Editorial / program environment
- Continuity vs flighting
- Number of different media
- Repeat exposure opportunities
For the full speech, the transcript proceedings of the workshop are available from the Advertising Research Foundation InfoCenter For details about the InfoCenter, call 212-751-5656, extension 230.
- Thursday, October 07, 1999 #2855
How does one set effective frequency and effective reach targets? Are there any models which can help set these targets? And is this approach(effective freq.) media neutral or does it apply differently to different media?
- The Media Guru Answers(Thursday, October 07, 1999 ):
The ostrow model is one such model.
The concept of effective reach/frequency is based on repetition of messages as the key to consumer action, and so should be media neutral. However, since the nature of various media makes one generate higher frequency than another at the same reach level, plans often take different approaches to "effefctive." For example, a plan based on major magazine which average a 20 coverage among the target, will rarely generate even a 3 verage frequency in four weeks, while a radio plan for the same target might equal the magazine plan's reach in its first week and double the average frequency.
Planners work with the rules and rationales which make the most sense in a given situation.
- Friday, September 03, 1999 #2766
What exactly is the ostrow Model ?
How useful is it to the clients ?
Is it the last word ?
- The Media Guru Answers(Friday, September 03, 1999 ):
The ostrow Model with which the Guru is familiar is a grid used to set the correct level of effective frequency at which plans will be evaluated.
20+ factors relating to competitive climate, product involvement, clutter, commercial length, commercial pool, etc are each rated on a scale, say from 2 to 6, which is then averaged to set the frequency level.
Is it the last word? Is it useful to clients? There is always another theory about anything. The usefulness is in creating a reational, well thought-through basis for establishing communiations goals, so that planners can present a logical approach to clients. The approach makes good sense, for those who follow the effective reach style of planning.
- Monday, June 07, 1999 #2558
Dear Sir, regarding effective frequency there are some tools like ostrow's grid. But I could not find any explanation about how to set effective reach level. Using a grid one can find a frequency level like 4+ but what the effective reach should be set at this freguency level? What are the considerations?
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, June 09, 1999 ):
There is a lot of judgment here, plus the realities of budget. When setting an effective reach, saying only those reached at least "x" times count. So first, how high a reach can you afford? Of course with flighting this answer can vary, too.
The Guru basic rule of thumb is to start by effectively reaching most of the target; 50 reach or better.
- Sunday, January 10, 1999 #2257
I am a media planner in India. Need some information on latest effective frequency models. The ostrow model as described in the Scissors and Bumba is the only one I have seen. Are there any other models developed? Also it would nice if you could pass on some info on recency planning theory.
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, January 11, 1999 ):
The Advertising Research Foundation library would be the best source for alternative models.
The Guru has often discussed recency.
Click here to see past guru responses on recency planning