13 matches were found
- Monday, November 13, 2000 #3965
Can you give a definitive explanation of media quintiles (radio, tv, newspaper)?
- The Media Guru Answers(Thursday, November 16, 2000 ):
quintiles are used in two key ways:
- quintiles of media, and
- quintiles of schedules
quintiles in either case involve dividing the people under consideration into five (quint-) equal groups for analysis. Why five? Why not? it has become the established method. Three groups would often be more useful: "average," "above average" and "below average" are easier to conceptualize. And some advertisers have considered "nine-tiles."
In media quintiles, the users of a medium, like radio, are divided into five equal groups, arrayed according to their heaviness of use, for example, the 20% of the population who listen to less than 3 hours of radio per week, those who listen to 3 to 6 hours, up through those who listen to 50+ hours. The range of hours of listening are set so that each range takes in 20% of the population. Then, other aspects of the behavior of these groups may be evaluated and lead to media or marketing decisions.
For example, if the lightest radio listeners are also light TV viewers, but the heavy newspaper readers, newspaper may be the best way to add reach to a radio plan and more evenly distribute frequency of exposure across all the people reached.
quintiles of schedules are similar, but only consider those reached by a media schedule. For example if you had a radio schdule of 500 GRP in four weeks with a reach of 70 and a 7.1 average freqency, you might find that the lowest frequency 20% of your schedule reached (14 reach ou of the 70) had an average frequency of 1.0 and the highest frequency quintilehad an average frequecy of 19.8. When you add newspaper to the plan you can examine each quintile of the combined reach and will likely find the least reached group of the new total has a better average frequency.
- Wednesday, April 12, 2000 #3392
Guru, I've never used a planning program as most of my planning has been national print and outdoor, local broadcast, and things I've felt I can handle on my own.I've seen so many planning programs and websites for planning it's hard to tell the good from the bad. Have you ever evaluated planning programs and, if you have, can you recommened one or two? Thanks
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, April 12, 2000 ):
To the Guru, the term "planning program" means programs like Telmar's AdPlus or Telmar's full set of individual media analysis programs or the eTelmar online suite of media programs.
Such programs calculate reach, frequency, effective reach, frequency distribution, and quintiles for individual media plus combinations of media as well as cross-tabulations and rankers from media audience databases. Flow charting is also a typical option.
These programs don't actually create media plans, that is determine how much budget to invest in each medium, ad units to use, and scheduling. There are such programs on the drawing board, but require that the planner quantify and factor those concepts which would be subjective judgements.
- Tuesday, September 28, 1999 #2831
Is there a documented research/ benchmarks followed which indicates a) how long (in units of time and GRPs) should a TV commercial last before fatigue for that commercial sets in. b) Is this likely to be different for FMCG or durables? if yes, how much? Thanks, Praveen
- The Media Guru Answers(Tuesday, September 28, 1999 ):
There have been many studies, most of them proprietary. The variables are too many to be generally applicable: Commerical length, quality, recall, enterntainmnet/annoyance value, number of executuions in rotation, etc. The differences in cultures and media environments probably also have an effect.
Some set a standard based on quintiles of exposure, others on GRPs.
The major compilations of publicly available research are at ESOMAR, the European Survey, Opinion and Market Research Organization and Advertising Research Foundation InfoCenter.
- Tuesday, May 18, 1999 #2514
What is the use of the "quintiles measure"?
- The Media Guru Answers(Tuesday, May 18, 1999 ):
quintiles are used in many ways in media. Click here to see Guru responses about "quintiles."
- Wednesday, April 07, 1999 #2432
Can you provide a definition of "quintile?"
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, April 07, 1999 ):
Literally, "quintile" means one fifth. In media terms, quintle analysis is a technique where either the population or users of a particular medium or the audeince of a specific schedule is arrayed into five equal groups, according to their frequency of viewing/reading. These are ususally referred to as something like "Heavy, next heaviest, medium, next lightest and lightest."
Then we might use these analyses to draw conclusions like
"the lightest viewers of daytime TV are skewed to the higher quintiles of magazine reading."
"My commercial is worn out when the average frequency of the next heaviest quintile is over 20."
- Thursday, February 11, 1999 #2321
I have been trying to understand Plan Optimisers for quite
some time now.I still am unable to understand.
Especially in a complex media scenario like India
where languages differ from region to region and
different cities have to be covered and a lot of non-
quantitative factors like regional sensitivity have to
be considered , how can we effectively use
Optimisers that are predominantly manufactured in the
- The Media Guru Answers(Saturday, February 13, 1999 ):
Quite possibly, you cannot. Optimisers are meant to deal with quantitative issues of media selection, getting the most reach or effective reach or quintiles-of-frequency balance for the money.
Many seemingly subjective elements of the media possibilities, like the effects of regional sensitivity, can be judgmentally quantified and processed by an optimizer.
When languages differ, it is comparable to geographic differences: they are different universes and call for separate plans.
- Thursday, January 07, 1999 #2252
Does the guru have any information on female teen
media habits arranged by quintiles compared to the
- The Media Guru Answers(Thursday, January 07, 1999 ):
Simmons and MRI both do teen studies which can be comapred to their 18+ behavior studies.
- Thursday, September 17, 1998 #2048
We have a client who is interested in utilizing Network
Radio over a two-month period (January and February) to
help maximize the awareness of a new brand. Is there
any research that correlates radio TRP levels with
brand awareness levels to give us some direction on
how many points we should buy for the period without
generating too much wearout?
we should buy?
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, September 23, 1998 ):
Awareness is more likely to correlate with reach/frequency than TRP's. Only those reached can be aware. The same level of TRPs might reach 40% of a target or 60% depending on the schedule.
The Guru has seen research that shows that any level below 100 TRP a week in TV allows awareness to decay.
Most research on wearout which the Guru has seen ties wearout to frequency i.e. a commerical is worn out (loses sales effectiveness) after "X" exposures. This may be expressed as the frequency in the next-to-highest quintile. I.e. the 40% most exposed to the commercial would have "X" or more exposures. 25 exposures might be the threshold level you choose. This level would occur at about 200 TRP/week for 8 weeks, which is more than the Guru would guess you would buy.
By the way, one Adult 18-49 plan with those quintiles would have a 66 reach. Another plan with the same TRP's and different schedule could have an 85 reach and just 22 exposures in the next-to-highest quintile.
- Thursday, January 15, 1998 #1487
Can you explain what "mapping software" is? And, do you know about a software package called "Clarisoft" or something like that?
- The Media Guru Answers(Thursday, January 15, 1998 ):
There are probably several meanings of the term, created by
different software makers.
In a media context, the term usually refers to software
which can draw a map colored or shaded to reflect
demographic, media or product usage behavior.
For example a DMA may be drawn, and colored to indicate
which zip codes have the highest circulation of the local
newspaper, a national magazine, or TV show audience. It is
common to separate zips or other sub areas into quintiles
or tertiles, etc.
The entire US may be drawn to show sales levels of a
product or BDI by DMA.
A three mile trading circle around a store location can be
created to show media income of census tracts, for planning
the distribution of a circular.
Claritas PRIZM, Donnelly's Cluster Plus, and other
segmentation systems are typically used to analyze or
model the data. There has been considerable consolidation
of software vendors in this field in the last few years.
Compass, Conquest, and Strategic Mapping have all folded
- Monday, October 27, 1997 #1445
Dear Guru, We have been talking (within the Agency) about a new concept which is median frequency ( not average!): The goal of this mesurement tool is to determinate the wear-out level of commercials. Have you ever been across with this subject? Thanks!
- The Media Guru Answers(Monday, October 27, 1997 ):
First, let's define "Median Frequency"
You seem to mean one would array all those exposed to
the commerical in order of their frequency of exposure.
Then find the person at the exact middle of the line; one
half of those exposed have less frequency and one half of
those exposed have more.
It would actually be "less than or equal to" and
"more than or equal to," since we are now dealing with
discreet individuals, who therefore have a whole number (an
integer) of exposures. In the thousands of people exposed,
many will be at the median level of exposure
The Guru has not seen this metric used for wear out
analysis before, but it seems neither better nor worse than
the more common use of quintiles, i.e. looking at the top 2
quintiles, or most heavily exposed 40% of audience.
- Monday, August 05, 1996 #1171
In regards to print advertising, what is a wear-out report? What data do I need to complete this report (reach, frequency, formulas)?
- The Media Guru Answers(Thursday, August 08, 1996 ):
The Guru has discussed Wear Out previously (see below July 17 and May 7).
A wear out report would state the status of various print executions in your campaign in comparison to the wear out standard you have established.
Clients have a way of asking the wear out question without setting a standard or even being able to decide how to set one.
Essentially an ad is worn out when it loses all or most of its ability to accomplish its marketing purpose with its target. The purpose may be as simple as product sales, or lead generation in a direct response campaign, or it may be as difficult to define as building brand imagery or awareness of a specific product benefit. Since directly relating any of these to a specific ad would require custom research, it is typical to use whatever research has been done in the past as related to easily modelled media measurements, such as reach, frequency, GRPs or quintiles.
For example if in the past, a custom study showed the average ad was worn out at a time when the planners knew that 80% of the target had seen it 8 or more times, or when the frequency in the top 2 quintiles passed 30. (Don't use these examplenumbers). Naturally, different ads perform differently, but you will need to work on an average basis.
A wear out report then becomes a matter of reporting something like how many of thetarget have seen the ad at least "x" times, or that the frequency in the top 2quintiles will exceed the standard measure as of a certain month of the schedule, or"X" number of GRPs will have run for the ad by some date.
The key is knowing how one of these media measures relate to your wear out standard. Then the report is a simple task.
- Wednesday, July 17, 1996 #1179
Do you know any research about how much average frequency is enough before the consumer turns against the advertised product. I mean before they are fed up with the ad. I would like some articles or tables about different product categories concerning this effect.Thank you.
- The Media Guru Answers(Thursday, July 18, 1996 ):
There does not seem to be any definitive research on this. Planners dread the question "when is the campaign worn out" almost invariably asked without any definition of "wear-out." Certainly some ads are less enduring in terms of selling ability, which may have little to do with consumers being "fed up." Some advertisers use frequency in top quintiles as a guide, some just accumulated GRP, others study the competitive environment and clutter of their usual advertising media.
The "propinquity theory" gaining in appreciation argues for lower frequencies and if it catches on generally, may change the concept of wear out. Probably the best source of published study and opinion would be the Advertising Research Foundation Library
- Tuesday, May 07, 1996 #1226
How many times can a print ad run before it wears out?
- The Media Guru Answers(Wednesday, May 08, 1996 ):
The only answer to such a question is "it depends."
How powerful/interesting/competitive is the ad?
What reach and frequency is being developed as the ads insertions repeat.
How many different magazines versus repeats in the same titles.
What is your definition of "wear out?" Decline in awareness, decline in incremental sales, frequency of exposure in the top quintile or top 2 quintiles?
. . .it depends.